UK study: Snoring, Apnea and Mouth Breathing If Untreated at 5 years of age Increases the Risk of Special Education Needs by 40%

UK study: Snoring, Apnea and Mouth Breathing If Untreated at 5 years of age Increases the Risk of Special Education Needs by 40%

The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, also known as Children of the 90s, is a detailed and ongoing birth cohort study of children born in the UK between April 1991 and December 1992. The Avon research has shown substantial correlations between sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and cognitive impairment in children. Parents enrolled in the study reported on their children’s snoring, witnessed apnea, and mouth breathing at 6, 18, 30, 42 and 57 months. SDB symptom trajectories, or clusters, were derived from the resultant data. By the time the children reached 8 years old, parental reports for 11,049 children with SDB indicated that children with sleep-disordered breathing were 40% more likely to have special educational needs.  

Bonuck, Karen, Katherine Freeman, Ronald D. Chervin, and Linzhi Xu. “Sleep-disordered breathing in a population-based cohort: behavioral outcomes at 4 and 7 years.” Pediatrics 129, no. 4 (2012): e857-e865. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3313633/

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